引用本文:张恒慧, 赵金安, 贺东亮, 杨彦勇.普通生物学课程互动拓展式教学方法改革探索[J].西南师范大学学报(自然科学版),2018,43(11):172~178
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普通生物学课程互动拓展式教学方法改革探索
张恒慧, 赵金安, 贺东亮, 杨彦勇1,2,3
1. 太原工业学院 环境与安全工程系生物工程教研室, 太原 030008;2.
2. 中北大学 化学工程与技术学院, 太原 030051;3.
3. 中国人民解放军海军军医大学 海军医学系舰船辐射医学教研室, 上海 200433
摘要:
普通生物学作为生物学相关专业的基础课,涵盖了诸多生命科学领域,旨在帮助学生了解生命科学全貌,打下坚实基础.然而在教学实际中,课程内容广泛且松散,部分知识点高中生物已涉猎,传统“填鸭式”教学法提升低年级学生的学习兴趣,以致影响对该课程甚至后续其他专业课程的学习.为了解决这些问题,采用互动拓展式教学对“普通生物学”课程进行了改革尝试,引入BBC科学纪录片、诺贝尔奖案例和科学动画等辅助知识点教学,增加翻转课堂、微课视频、第二实践课堂等互动和拓展方式来丰富课堂教学.改革实践表明,互动拓展式教学方法能够提升学生兴趣并且培养学生思维,为后续其他专业课程的学习以及高素质生物学人才的培养打下坚实基础.
关键词:  普通生物学  教学改革  互动  拓展
DOI:10.13718/j.cnki.xsxb.2018.11.028
分类号:G642.0
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(11605289);高校教改项目(2015JG09);太原工业学院青年(后备)学科带头人支持计划资助(2017);中北大学研究生科技项目(20171426).
Exploration of Teaching Method on an Interactive and Expansive Innovation in General Biology Course
ZHANG Heng-hui, ZHAO Jin-an, HE Dong-liang, YANG Yan-yong1,2,3
1. Department of Environment and Safety Engineering, Taiyuan Institute of Technology, Taiyuan 030008, China;2.
2. School of Chemical Engineering and Technology, North University of China, Taiyuan 030051, China;3.
3. Department of Radiation Medicine, Faculty of Naval Medicine, Second Military Medical University, Shanghai 200433, China
Abstract:
As an elementary course of biological major, General Biology covers a lot of fields of life science. This course aims at helping students understanding the whole picture of biology and building a solid foundation for further study. Because the course contents are wide-ranging and some contents are already learned during high school, the traditional cramming teaching method could not motivate students' interest and would affect students' study and even further study. In order to change this situation, we have tried an interactive and expansive innovation in teaching General Biology. We introduce science documentary made by BBC, the Noble Prize cases and scientific animations to help understanding knowledge. And we increase "flipped classroom" and "second practice classroom" to enrich teaching methods. All the innovations undertaken do promote students' interest and develop their thinking ability, which make them learn better and become excellent biology talents in the future.
Key words:  General Biology  teaching innovation  interaction  expansion
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