引用本文:熊月, 刘自强, 赵飞, 危晖.朴门永续设计对中国城市生态农业的启示[J].西南师范大学学报(自然科学版),2019,44(7):37~45
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朴门永续设计对中国城市生态农业的启示
熊月, 刘自强, 赵飞, 危晖1,2,3
1. 华南农业大学 资源环境学院, 广州 510642;2. 华南农业大学 中国农业历史遗产研究所, 广州 510642;3. 广东省生态循环农业重点实验室, 广州 510642
摘要:
我国生态农业经过数十年的发展,目前仍然存在诸多问题亟待解决,城市生态农业作为一个新兴分支,仍处于初级阶段.朴门永续设计作为一种蓬勃发展、兼容并收的理论体系,对我国的生态农业发展有潜在的启示作用.本研究总结我国城市生态农业的发展现状,发现目前存在城市农业与城市空间环境难以协调、缺乏引导和创新、城市观光农业同质化严重等问题.结合朴门永续农业的发展理念,我国城市生态农业可以从以下几个方面进一步完善其理论和实践体系:(1)充实理论,重视元素之间的互利耦合,借鉴朴门永续的方法,丰富城市农业;(2)充分发挥家庭业余农业的优势,使其更符合市民需求,引导市民健康生活;(3)提出更为高效的生态农业模式以改善民众的生活方式,减少大众对生态农业的误解;(4)拓宽城市社区设计思路,正确引导市民建设业余花园;(5)增加生物多样性,改善现有的城市农场同质化、单一化的问题.朴门永续设计方法不仅可以为我国城市生态农业的发展提供启示,也可以通过家庭菜园、城市生态农业等生态产业的传播发展,在人们心中传播服务人类、服务地球、分享盈余的价值理念,强调可持续发展的必要性,能与中国生态农业的发展互相促进.
关键词:  朴门永续设计  生态农业  城市农业
DOI:10.13718/j.cnki.xsxb.2019.07.006
分类号:S181
基金项目:广东省科技计划项目(2019B03031007,2015B090903077).
Enlightenments of Permaculture to Urban Eco-agriculture in China
XIONG Yue, LIU Zi-qiang, ZHAO Fei, WEI Hui1,2,3
1. College of Natural Resources and Environment, South China Agriculture University, Guangzhou 510642, China;2. Institute of Chinese Agricultural Heritage, South China Agricultural University, Guangzhou 510642, China;3. Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Eco-Circular Agriculture, Guangzhou 510642, China
Abstract:
Although eco-agriculture has developed and practiced in China for decades, there remains a mass of problems and more attempts are needed to further improve the theoretical and practical aspects. Urban eco-agriculture is one component of eco-agriculture that is newly-developing in China in recent years. Permaculture is a booming and comprehensive system in western countries and could provide inspirations for enriching theoretical frame and improving practices of eco-agriculture in China. This review deals simply with the description of advances of urban eco-agriculture in China and proposed five drawbacks, such as urban eco-agriculture out of consideration in urban planning and developing with lack of theoretical guidance. Accordingly, we proposed that urban eco-agriculture in China could be improved in reference to the theories and practices of permaculture in the following aspects:(1)enriching theories of urban eco-agriculture and maintain the balance of ecosystems with application of coupled changes in multiple elements and biodiversity; (2) taking advantages of leisure family farms to guide citizens living in more healthy ways;(3) exploring more urban eco-agricultural modes that is highly efficient to promote incomes of the owners; (4) widening urban design plan and encouraging citizens to building multi-function gardens; and (5) resolving problems of farmland homogenization and simplification by increasing biodiversity in farmlands. We conclude that permaculture could provide implications for the development of urban eco-agriculture in China and the latter in turn could help further improve the theoretical and practical issues of the former.
Key words:  permaculture  eco-agriculture  urban agriculture
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