引用本文:张彤, 李亚勍, 蒋红波, 张代平, 丁忠民, 杨宇衡.创业型农业人才培养的实践探讨——以西南大学为例[J].西南师范大学学报(自然科学版),2019,44(7):167~172
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创业型农业人才培养的实践探讨——以西南大学为例
张彤, 李亚勍, 蒋红波, 张代平, 丁忠民, 杨宇衡1,2,3,4,5
1. 西南大学 资源环境学院, 重庆 400715;2. 西南大学 国有资产管理处, 重庆 400715;3. 西南大学 植物保护学院, 重庆 400715;4. 西南大学 教务处, 重庆 400715;5. 西南大学 经济管理学院, 重庆 400715
摘要:
加快培养和造就一大批符合时代要求的、具有引领和带动作用的创业型农业人才是实施乡村振兴战略的一个重要着力点.为明确新形势下本科层次创业型农业人才培养过程中的问题,本研究以西南大学为例,对262位农学类大学生进行了创业认知能力的问卷调查,总结了当前制约农科类大学生创业的主要因素,如普遍缺乏创业信心和创业教育师资队伍不健全等,同时对这些制约因素产生的原因进行了探讨.最后,结合我国现有的高等教育体系,提出了加强学生理论基础和社会实践能力培养、提升大学生创业信心、大力建设新型创业教育师资队伍、使学校的理论课程与行业市场的需求紧密衔接等解决对策,以期为进一步做好农学类大学生创业教育工作提供帮助.
关键词:  农科类大学生  创业培养  问题对策
DOI:10.13718/j.cnki.xsxb.2019.07.027
分类号:G642.0
基金项目:重庆市文科重点研究基地项目(16SKB044);重庆市高等教育教学改革研究项目(163025);重庆市研究生教育教学改革研究项目(yjg193036);西南大学教育教学改革研究项目(2016JY084).
On Practice of Entrepreneurial Agricultural Undergraduates Training——A Case Study in Southwest University
ZHANG Tong, LI Ya-qing, JIANG Hong-bo, ZHANG Dai-ping, DING Zhong-min, YANG Yu-heng1,2,3,4,5
1. College of Resources and Environment, Southwest University, Chongqing 400715, China;2. State-Owned Assets Management Office, Southwest University, Chongqing 400715, China;3. College of Plant Protection, Southwest University, Chongqing 400715, China;4. Teaching Affairs Office, Southwest University, Chongqing 400715, China;5. College of Economics and Management, Southwest University, Chongqing 400715, China
Abstract:
An important point of implementation of the rural revitalization strategy is to accelerate the cultivation of a large number of entrepreneurial agricultural talents who are in line with the requirements of the times and have leading actions. In order to clarify the problems in the process of training entrepreneurial agricultural undergraduates under the new situation, Southwest University has been taken as an example to conducted a questionnaire survey on 266 agricultural undergraduates' entrepreneurial cognition ability. Based on the survey results, the main factors that restrict the entrepreneurship of agricultural undergraduates have been summarized, such as the lack of entrepreneurial confidence and the imperfect team of entrepreneurial education teachers. In addition, the reasons for these constraints have been discussed. Finally, a series of solutions have been proposed to further improve the entrepreneurship education of agricultural undergraduates, including strengthen the theoretical foundation and social practice ability of agricultural undergraduates, strengthen the entrepreneurial confidence of agricultural undergraduates, vigorously build a new type of entrepreneurial education teachers, and closely link the theoretical curriculum of the colleges with the needs of the industry markets.
Key words:  agricultural undergraduates  entrepreneurship training  problem countermeasures
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