引用本文:林楠, 龙女, 张文, 黄佳佳, 陈加.家长对学校的态度与中学生学业成绩的关系:心理素质和学习习惯的链式中介作用[J].西南师范大学学报(自然科学版),2019,44(12):119~124
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家长对学校的态度与中学生学业成绩的关系:心理素质和学习习惯的链式中介作用
林楠, 龙女, 张文, 黄佳佳, 陈加
贵州师范大学 心理学院, 贵阳 550025
摘要:
为探讨心理素质和学习习惯在中学生家长对学校的态度和中学生学业成绩间的作用,采用家长对学校的态度问卷、中学生心理素质量表(简化版)和学习习惯问卷调查了1 314名在校中学生,并收集其期末学业成绩.结果发现:①中学生家长对学校的态度与中学生心理素质、学习习惯和学业成绩间均存在显著的两两正相关;②心理素质和学习习惯在中学生家长对学校的态度与中学生学业成绩间起链式中介作用;③在加入2个中介变量后家长对学校的态度对中学生学业成绩的直接效应不显著,其余的间接效应是通过良好学习习惯的养成再作用于学业成绩.可见良好的家校合作对于促进学生的身心发展具有重要的意义.学校应该努力与家长沟通,建立信任感,共创良好的家校合作关系;家长应该积极主动与学校合作,使用正确的方式培养孩子良好的心理素质和学习习惯.
关键词:  中学生  家长对学校的态度  心理素质  学习习惯  学业成绩
DOI:10.13718/j.cnki.xsxb.2019.12.020
分类号:B842
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(31760283);贵州省教育厅高校人文社会科学研究项目(2018zc103);贵州省教育厅高校人文社会科学研究项目(2018dxs22).
On Relationship between Parents' Attitude to School and Students' Academic Achievement: the Chain Mediating Effect of Psychological Suzhi and Learning Habit
LIN Nan, LONG Nü, ZHANG Wen, HUANG Jia-jia, CHEN jia
School of Psychology, Guizhou Normal University, Guiyang 550025, China
Abstract:
The purpose of this study is to explore the effect of Psychological Suzhi and learning habits on the parents' attitude to school and academic achievement of secondary school students. The parents' attitude questionnaire, the Psychological Suzhi questionnaire of middle school students (simplified) and the study habit questionnaire were used to survey 1,314 middle school students, and their final academic performance was collected. The results show that, 1) there is a significant positive correlation between parents' attitude, Psychological Suzhi, learning habit and academic performance; 2) Psychological Suzhi and learning habit play a chain mediating role between parents' attitude towards school and academic performance; 3) in addition, after the addition of two mediating variables, the direct effect of parents' attitude towards school on students' academic performance was not significant, while the other indirect effect was secondary to academic performance through the development of good learning habits. Based on the research results, it is found that good home-school cooperation is of great significance in promoting students' physical and mental development. In terms of school, we should try to communicate with parents, establish trust, and create a good home-school cooperative relationship. For parents, they should take the initiative to cooperate with the school and use the right way to cultivate their children's good Psychological Suzhi and learning habits. This not only deepens the understanding of home-school cooperation and the theoretical model of ecosystem, but also further understands the mechanism of Psychological Suzhi to improve the academic performance of middle school students, and has guiding significance for home-school cooperation.
Key words:  middle school students  parents' attitudes towards schools  Psychological Suzhi  study habits  academic performance
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