引用本文:张恒超.不同语境下交流学习双方语言选择性注意水平的比较[J].西南师范大学学报(自然科学版),2020,45(2):40~50
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不同语境下交流学习双方语言选择性注意水平的比较
张恒超
天津商业大学 法学院心理学系, 天津 300134
摘要:
研究创设不同交流情境,通过交流范式探查不同语境下交流学习双方语言选择性注意水平的差异,结果发现:①语言交流情境的语言选择性注意水平和指向性水平显著高于表情和对象可视的情境,这源于其高分组的更高水平,但是其高低分组间具有不平衡性;3种语境下的变化特征不同;②语言选择性注意集中性水平在各情境下均随着交流进程而逐渐提高,但表情和对象可视的情境效率最高.研究证实,语言交流情境下语言加工程度更深,但交流双方的协调水平相对更低,对象共同可视并不促进交流语言的选择性注意,表情能够辅助语言交流.
关键词:  交流  语境  语言
DOI:10.13718/j.cnki.xsxb.2020.02.007
分类号:B842.1
基金项目:教育部人文社会科学研究青年基金项目(16YJC190029).
A Comparative Study of Language Selective Attention Levels of Both Communicative Learning Sides in Different Contexts
ZHANG Heng-chao
Department of Psychology, School of Law, Tianjin University of Commerce, Tianjin 300134, China
Abstract:
The study created different communication situations, through the communication paradigm to explore differences of language selective attention level of both communicative learning sides in different contexts. The results show that, 1) the selective attention level and directivity level of language in the language situation were significantly higher than the expression and object visual situation. This was stemmed from higher levels of the high group, but there was imbalance between the high and low groups. The change features were different in the three contexts; 2) the concentration levels in each situation gradually improved with the communication process, but the efficiency was the highest in the expression and object visual situation. The results suggest that the level of language processing was deeper in the language communication context, but the level of coordination between both sides was relatively lower. The object visibility did not promote selective attention of language, and the expression could assist in language communication.
Key words:  communication  context  language
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