引用本文:刘成龙, 刘志云.女子英式7人制橄榄球比赛制胜因素分析及备战2020年奥运会分析——以2016年亚洲7人制橄榄球系列赛中国队和日本队3站决赛为例[J].西南师范大学学报(自然科学版),2020,45(2):106~112
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女子英式7人制橄榄球比赛制胜因素分析及备战2020年奥运会分析——以2016年亚洲7人制橄榄球系列赛中国队和日本队3站决赛为例
刘成龙, 刘志云1,2
1. 天津体育学院 体育教育与教育科学学院, 天津 301617;2. 中国橄榄球协会, 北京 100084
摘要:
在对国内外橄榄球制胜因素统计指标归纳梳理的基础上,采用文献资料法、录像观察法、现场观察法、数理统计法和个人访谈法等研究方法,以2016年亚洲女子7人制橄榄球系列赛中日两国女子橄榄球队3站决赛为例,对控球时间、拉克、冒尔、失误、犯规、自由踢和传球数量及达阵后射门的成功率等技战术指标进行了统计分析及比较.研究表明:①在亚洲女子橄榄球最高水平赛场,更多的控球时间、传球和拉克,以及更少的失误和犯规是比赛的制胜因素.②中日女子橄榄球的技战术指标主要差异体现在控球时间、传球次数和拉克次数上,在这3项指标上,日本队明显优于中国队.③与江苏女队相比,山东女队攻守平衡,进攻能力更强,犯规少,射门成功率较高,但江苏女队传球多、失误少;在战术打法上,山东女队持球突破多,以纵向打法为主,江苏女队多采取隔人传,以横向打法为主.最后从战术训练、比赛心态、实战方面、技术训练、队伍管理5个方面提出了中国女队备战2020年奥运会的建议.
关键词:  女子  英式7人制橄榄球  制胜因素  建议
DOI:10.13718/j.cnki.xsxb.2020.02.016
分类号:G849.2
基金项目:天津市自然科学基金项目(16JCYBJC29100).
Analysis on Winning Factors of Women's Rugby 7s and Suggestions for Preparing for 2020 Olympic Games——3 Finals in the 2016 Asian Rugby 7s Series Between China and Japan
LIU Cheng-long, LIU Zhi-yun1,2
1. School of Physical Education and Educational Sciences, Tianjin College of Physical Education, Tianjin 301617, China;2. China Rugby Association, Beijing 100084, China
Abstract:
With 2020 Tokyo Olympic Games being just around the corner, the Chinese women's rugby team has entered into a state of full preparation now. In recent years, the competition between Chinese and Japanese women's rugby is becoming fiercer and fiercer, and the key to consolidate the competitive strength of this event is to identify the winning factors of rugby 7s and then carry out targeted training in preparation for competitions. Therefore, on the basis of summarizing the statistical indicators of domestic and foreign rugby winning factors, the research methods of literature, video observation, on-the-spot observation, mathematical statistics and personal interview have been adopted in this paper, taking the three-stop finals between China and Japan Women's rugby team's in 2016 Asian women's Sevens Rugby series as an example, to analyze and compare the ball control time, rucks, mauls, mistakes, penalties, free kick, number of passing and the success rate of conversion kicks. The conclusions are as follows:(1) in the highest level of Asian women's rugby events, more ball controlling time, number of passing and ruck, and less mistakes and penalties are the keys of winning factors. (2) Chinese and Japanese women's rugby technical and tactical indicators are mainly different in ball controlling time,number of passing and ruck. Regarding to these three indexes, Japanese team is obviously superior to Chinese team. (3) compared with Jiangsu women's team, Shandong women's team is relatively more balanced in attack and defense, stronger in attacking ability, has less penalties, and is higher in conversion kicking success rate, but Jiangsu women's team has more passings and less mistakes; in tactics, Shandong women's team has more ball-holding breakthroughs, mainly in lengthways tactics, while Jiangsu women's team mostly adopts cross passing. In the meanwhile, this paper puts forward suggestions for Chinese women's team in the preparation for the 2020 Olympic Games from five aspects:tactical training, competition mentality, actual competition, technical training and team management.
Key words:  female  Rugby 7s  winning factors  advice
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