引用本文:宋亚男 、冯廷勇."冷-热"与"热-冷"共情鸿沟效应的均衡性[J].西南师范大学学报(自然科学版),2017,42(8):
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"冷-热"与"热-冷"共情鸿沟效应的均衡性
宋亚男 、冯廷勇
作者单位
宋亚男 、冯廷勇 西南大学 心理学部/认知与人格教育部重点实验室,重庆,400715 
摘要:
采用经典范式考察了2种共情鸿沟效应在价值属性和知觉属性上的均衡性,结果发现:①生理饥饿状态下预测饱餐时的食物价值会显著高于生理饱餐时对相同食物的价值,而生理饱餐状态下预测饥饿时的食物价值会显著低于生理饥饿时对相同食物的价值,但2种共情鸿沟效应大小没有显著差异;②2种共情鸿沟效应的知觉属性具有部分均衡性:在认知属性上,2种共情鸿沟效应表现出均衡性;在情绪属性上,"热-冷"共情鸿沟效应的显著大于"冷-热"共情鸿沟效应.
关键词:  共情鸿沟  均衡性  价值属性  知觉属性  预测偏差
DOI:10.13718/j.cnki.xsxb.2017.08.018
分类号:B844
基金项目:
Symmetry in Cold-to-Hot and Hot-to-Cold Empathy Gaps
SONG Ya-nan,FENG Ting-yong
Abstract:
There are two fundamental forms of empathy gaps: hot-to-cold empathy gap and cold-to-hot empathy gap.The former means that people in the "hot" state will overstate his feeling and behavior tendency when in the "cold" state;the later means that people in the "cold" state will understate his feeling and behavior tendency when in the "hot" state.This research aims at testing the symmetry of empathy gaps of value and perception through a classical paradigm.The results show that 1) the value difference was positive in the hot-to-cold empathy gap because subjects over estimated the value of eating when satiated when making decisions in a hungry state.The opposite was in the cold-to-hot case.Furthermore, there was no significant difference between two kinds of empathy gaps.2)We found the mean rating of perceptual features was partial symmetry :there were no significant differences between two cases on the cognitive properties;however, the mean taste rating in hot-to-cold case is significantly higher than cold-to-hot case on the emotional attributes.Finally, it indicates that the stability of cognitive properties and flexibility of emotional attributes, which will contribute to reducing projection bias in the decision-making process.
Key words:  empathy gaps  symmetry  valuation  perception  projection bias
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