引用本文:廖敏, 张勍, 杨建国, 褚红春, 王霜, 随顺涛.科技创新引领四川农机化供给侧结构性改革研究[J].西南大学学报(自然科学版),2018,40(12):1~6
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科技创新引领四川农机化供给侧结构性改革研究
廖敏, 张勍, 杨建国, 褚红春, 王霜, 随顺涛1,2
1. 西华大学 机械工程学院, 成都 610039;2. 四川省农业机械研究设计院, 成都 610066
摘要:
为研究四川农机化供给侧结构性改革问题,通过实地调研表明:四川农机化供给侧存在供给结构不合理、机艺融合不紧密、农机化服务供给不充分和农机科技创新动力不足等问题.以科技创新为抓手,确定以机艺融合、全程全面、智能化、信息化、绿色环保和精细生产为改革方向,推动现有农机装备提档升级,研究机械化生产薄弱和空白环节的农机技术和装备,提出以农机专项资金、金融和政策进行农机科技创新的精准投入和培育为实施措施,改善四川农机发展滞后和不平衡现状,培育科技创新力量,打造科技创新平台,建立以企业为主体,“政产学研用”一体的农机科技协同创新产业链,促进一、二、三产业融合和产业集群发展.
关键词:  丘陵山区  农机化  农机科技创新  供给侧结构性改革
DOI:10.13718/j.cnki.xdzk.2018.12.001
分类号:S23-0;F325
基金项目:四川省科技厅项目(18RKX0435);四川省农业厅重点调研课题(2018年);四川省科技厅软科学研究项目(2018ZR0085).
On Agro-Mechanization Supply-Side Structural Reform in Sichuan Led by Scientific and Technological Innovation
LIAO Min, ZHANG Qing, YANG Jian-guo, CHU Hong-chun, WANG Shuang, SUI Shun-tao1,2
1. School of Mechanical Engineering, Xihua University, Chengdu 610039, China;2. Sichuan Research & Design Institute of Agricultural Machinery, Chengdu 610066, China
Abstract:
To study the agro-mechanization supply-side (AMSS) structural reform in Sichuan Province, the results of a field research demonstrate that Sichuan AMSS has a few problems, such as unreasonable supply structure of agricultural machinery, ineffective adaptation between farm machinery and agronomy, insufficient public service of agricultural mechanization and deficient motive force of the scientific and technical innovation (STI) of agricultural machinery. AMSS reform orientation, which includes integration of farm machinery and agronomy, all crops and their whole production processes, intelligentization, informatization, and environment-friendly and lean production, is taken as reform direction by means of STI to improve the current farm machinery and to develop the technology and equipment for production processes which have incompatible and no farm machinery. The AMSS reform implementing measures proposed in this paper are that the government should accurately fund and foster STI of agricultural machinery with dedicated funding, financial system and policy, improve the inadequate development and unbalanced situation of farm machinery in Sichuan, cultivate talents of STI and construct a platform of STI. The government should also establish a farm machinery collaborative innovation industry chain, which centers on enterprise and cooperates among government agencies, industries, universities, institutions and application to promote a deep integration of primary, secondary and tertiary industries and facilitate industrial cluster development.
Key words:  hilly area  agricultural mechanization  scientific and technical innovation of agricultural machinery  supply-side structural reform
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