引用本文:葛奇奇, 赵玉芳, 陈冰.群际威胁对集体自尊的影响——群体骄傲感的中介作用[J].西南大学学报(自然科学版),2018,40(12):133~139
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群际威胁对集体自尊的影响——群体骄傲感的中介作用
葛奇奇, 赵玉芳, 陈冰1,2
1. 西南大学 心理学部, 重庆 400715;2. 西南大学 西南民族教育与心理研究中心, 重庆 400715
摘要:
集体自尊是群体活动的重要动机之一,采用实验法探索了群际威胁中的现实威胁与象征威胁对集体自尊影响的作用机制.实验1和实验2分别诱发现实威胁和象征威胁,考察在2种威胁情境下集体自尊的变化.2个实验共同发现,群际威胁对集体自尊具有消极作用:现实威胁组显著降低了公众集体自尊,对私人集体自尊没有显著影响;象征威胁显著降低私人集体自尊,对公众集体自尊没有显著影响.群体骄傲感在群际威胁对集体自尊的影响中起到完全中介作用,实验表明现实威胁与象征威胁会通过降低个体对所属群体的骄傲感来降低集体自尊.
关键词:  现实威胁  象征威胁  集体自尊  群体情绪
DOI:10.13718/j.cnki.xdzk.2018.12.021
分类号:B849
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(31371055).
Effects of Intergroup Threats on Collective Self-Esteem-Group——Based Pride as the Mediator
GE Qi-qi, ZHAO Yu-fang, CHEN Bing1,2
1. Faculty of Psychology, Southwest University, Chongqing 400715, China;2. Center for Studies of Education and Psychology of Minorities in Southwest China, Southwest University, Chongqing 400715, China
Abstract:
Collective self-esteem is the self-esteem derived from one's group membership and evaluation of that group. It is one of the motives to maintain a positive social identity. However, there are few studies to explore the effects of realistic threats and symbolic threats on collective self-esteem. We conducted two experiments to explore the effects of the two types of threats, respectively. We manipulated intergroup threat conditions and then measured collective self-esteem. The results of both experiments showed that intergroup threat had negative effects on collective self-esteem. The realistic threat significantly lowered the public collective self-esteem of the participants but had no significant effect on their private collective self-esteem.In contrast, the symbolic threat significantly decreased their private collective self-esteem but had no significant effect on their public collective self-esteem. The group-based pride was the mediator in those effects. This study indicated that intergroup threats decrease collective self-esteem completely through decreasing the intensity of one's group-based pride.
Key words:  realistic threat  symbolic threat  collective self-esteem  group-based emotion
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