引用本文:张玉青, 郭成, 刘晓红, 张兴, 张希.初中生生活事件与心理韧性的关系:执行功能的中介作用[J].西南大学学报(自然科学版),2018,40(12):140~145
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初中生生活事件与心理韧性的关系:执行功能的中介作用
张玉青, 郭成, 刘晓红, 张兴, 张希1,2,3,4
1. 西南大学 心理健康教育研究中心, 重庆 400715;2. 西南大学 心理学部, 重庆 400715;3. 成都市蜀兴职业中学, 成都 610051;4. 重庆市教育科学研究院, 重庆 400015
摘要:
为探讨执行功能在初中生感知到的应激性生活事件与心理韧性之间的中介作用,采用青少年生活事件量表、青少年执行功能量表和青少年心理韧性量表对433名初中生进行测量,结果表明:①初中生感知到的应激性生活事件与执行功能、心理韧性呈显著负相关,执行功能与心理韧性呈显著正相关.②执行功能在初中生感知到的应激性生活事件和心理韧性之间起完全中介作用,应激性生活事件对青少年心理韧性的影响要通过执行功能的间接作用产生.
关键词:  应激  心理韧性  执行功能  初中生
DOI:10.13718/j.cnki.xdzk.2018.12.022
分类号:B849
基金项目:重庆市人文社会科学重点研究基地重点课题(16SKB029);重庆市社会科学规划培育项目(2016PY61).
Perceived Stressful Life Events and Resilience in Junior High School Students: the Mediating Role of Executive Functions
ZHANG Yu-qing, GUO Cheng, LIU Xiao-hong, ZHANG Xing, ZHANG Xi1,2,3,4
1. Research Center of Mental Health Education, Southwest University, Chongqing 400715, China;2. Faulty of Psychology, Southwest University, Chongqing 400715, China;3. Shuxing Vocational High School of Chengdu City, Chengdu 610051, China;4. Chongqing Research Academy of Education Sciences, Chongqing 400015, China
Abstract:
To explore the mediating role of executive functions between perceived stressful life events of junior high school students and their psychological resilience, a total of 433 junior high school students were measured with the Adolescent Self-rating Life Events Checklist, the Adolescent Executive Function Scale and the Resilience Scale for Chinese Adolescents in a questionnaire survey. The result showed that the perceived stressful life events of these students were in a significant negative correlation with executive functions and resilience, while executive functions were significantly positively correlated with resilience; and that executive functions fully mediated the relationship between perceived stressful life events and resilience among junior school students and stressful life events had an indirect impact on resilience through executive functions.
Key words:  stress  psychological resilience  executive function  junior school student
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