引用本文:谭蔓, 张琳雅, 郭成, 李振兴.大学生生命意义源与社会适应的关系:生命意义感的中介作用[J].西南大学学报(自然科学版),2018,40(12):146~154
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大学生生命意义源与社会适应的关系:生命意义感的中介作用
谭蔓, 张琳雅, 郭成, 李振兴1,2,3,4
1. 西南大学 心理健康教育研究中心, 重庆 400715;2. 西南大学 心理学部 心理健康与社会适应实验室, 重庆 400715;3. 重庆大学 心理健康教育与咨询中心, 重庆 400044;4. 淮北师范大学 教育学院, 安徽 淮北 235000
摘要:
为探讨大学生生命意义的结构,采用项目分析、探索性因素分析和验证性因素分析等方法,先后2次分别对273名和180名大学生进行问卷调查以及数据统计分析,编制了由31个条目构成的大学生生命意义问卷;之后采用社会适应问卷和自编的大学生生命意义问卷对450名大学生进行调查,探讨生命意义与社会适应的关系.结果显示:大学生生命意义问卷共有生命意义感、生命意义源2个维度,包括生命意义目的感、自我实现、自我奉献、归属与爱、人生哲学、生命意义危机感6个因子,且信效度良好.大学生生命意义感、生命意义源得分与其社会适应总分呈显著正相关(p值均<0.01),生命意义感在生命意义源和社会适应的关系之中具有部分中介作用,中介效应为94.8%(χ2/df=4.495,RMSEA=0.088,CFI=0.917,TLI=0.889).大学生的生命意义源可直接影响其社会适应状况,也可通过生命意义感产生间接影响.
关键词:  生命意义  结构  社会适应  大学生
DOI:10.13718/j.cnki.xdzk.2018.12.023
分类号:B849
基金项目:重庆市人文社会科学重点研究基地重点课题(16SKB029).
The Relationship Between College Students' Source of Life Meaning and Social Adaption: the Mediating Role of Sense of Life Meaning
TAN Man, ZHANG Lin-ya, GUO Cheng, LI Zheng-xing1,2,3,4
1. Research Center for Mental Health Education, Southwest University, Chongqing 400715, China;2. The Lab of Mental Health and Social Adaptation, Faculty of Psychology, Southwest University, Chongqing 400715, China;3. Chongqing University Mental Health Education and Counseling Center, Chongqing 400044, China;4. School of Education, Huaibei Normal University, Huaibei, Anhui 235000, China
Abstract:
This study was made to explore the college students' psychological structure of meaning in life and the relationship between meaning in life and social adaption. First,through project analysis,exploratory factor analysis and confirmatory factor analysis,the data of 273 and 180 college students from Chongqing were statistically analyzed. A questionnaire on the life meaning of college students composed of 31 items was compiled. Then,450 college students from Chongqing were surveyed as subjects. They were tested with the questionnaire of meaning in life prepared by our-selves and the college students' social adaption questionnaires. The results showed that college students' psychological structures of meaning in life were distributed into two dimensions:sense of meaning in life and source of meaning in life,which included the sense of purpose for meaning in life,the sense of crisis for meaning in life,belonging and love,self-sacrifice,self-fulfillment,and philosophy of life. College students' social adaption was significantly positively related to the meaning in life (p<0.01),their sense of life meaning was a partial mediator for the relationship between the source of meaning in life and social adaption. The intermediate effect accounted for 94.8% of the total effect (χ2/df=4.495,RMSEA=0.088,CFI=0.917 and TLI=0.889). The source of meaning in life of college students could not only directly affect their social adaptation,but also indirectly affect their social adaptation via the sense of meaning in life.
Key words:  meaning in life  structure  social adaption  college student
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