引用本文:张恒超.语境自然性对交流学习语言内容的影响[J].西南大学学报(自然科学版),2018,40(12):155~162
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语境自然性对交流学习语言内容的影响
张恒超
天津商业大学 法学院心理学系, 天津 300134
摘要:
根据交流语境自然性的特征,研究创设了3种交流方式——语言交流、共享对象的语言交流、共享表情和对象的语言交流,以探查语境自然性对交流学习语言内容的影响.结果发现:随着交流情境中非语言因素的递加,交流语言内容显著减少;结合语言中无关信息的分析发现,对象共同可视性阻碍了语言认知过程,表情因素显著促进语言认知加工的准确性.证实:交流语境的自然性影响交流语言认知加工过程,具体而言,非语言因素(对象可视性和表情可视性)促使交流语言内容的减少,但对象可视性对于交流语言认知产生阻碍性,而表情对交流语言认知产生促进性.
关键词:  语境  交流  学习  语言
DOI:10.13718/j.cnki.xdzk.2018.12.024
分类号:B842
基金项目:教育部人文社会科学研究青年基金项目(16YJC190029).
The Influence of Context Naturalness on Communicative Learning Language Content
ZHANG Heng-chao
Department of Psychology, School of Law, Tianjin University of Commerce, Tianjin 300134, China
Abstract:
Based on the natural features of the communicative context, three communication modes (language communication, language communication with shared objects, and language communication with shared expressions and objects) were established in this study to explore the influence of context naturalness on communicative learning language content. The results showed that communicative language content decreased significantly with increasing non-linguistic factors, and that combined with the analysis of irrelevant information, the common visibility of object hampered the language cognition process, while expression factors significantly promoted the accuracy of language cognitive processing. The above results proved that the context naturalness influenced the process of communicative language cognitive processing. Specifically, non-language factors (object visibility and expressive visibility) contributed to the reduction in the content of the communication language, but the visibility of the object had a hindrance to the cognition of the communication language, and the expression promoted the cognition of the communication language.
Key words:  context  communication  learning  language
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