引用本文:何花, 张大均.心理素质对初一和高一新生问题行为的影响:孤独感与安全感的中介作用[J].西南大学学报(自然科学版),2019,41(2):46~51
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心理素质对初一和高一新生问题行为的影响:孤独感与安全感的中介作用
何花, 张大均1,2
1. 西南大学 心理学部, 重庆 400715;2. 西南大学 心理健康教育研究中心, 重庆 400715
摘要:
为探讨初一和高一新生的问题行为及其影响因素,考察孤独感和安全感在心理素质与高一和初一新生问题行为间的中介作用,采用中学生心理素质问卷(简化版)、UCLA孤独感量表、长处和困难问卷(选取其中4个维度)和安全感量表对1 184名初一和高一新生进行调查.结果显示:①心理素质对初一和高一新生问题行为有负向影响;②孤独感和安全感在心理素质与初一和高一新生问题行为的关系中具有部分中介效应,通过心理素质-安全感-问题行为、心理素质-安全感-孤独感-问题行为、心理素质-孤独感-问题行为3条路径实现;③心理素质-安全感-问题行为这一路径的间接效应值最大,即安全感在心理素质与问题行为之间起着关键的中介作用.
关键词:  心理素质  问题行为  孤独感  安全感  初一和高一新生
DOI:10.13718/j.cnki.xdzk.2019.02.007
分类号:B844.1
基金项目:全国教育科学规划教育部青年课题(EBA170438).
Effects of Psychological Suzhi on Problem Behaviors Among Freshmen of Middle Schools and High Schools: the Mediating Role of Loneliness and Security
HE Hua, ZHANG Da-jun1,2
1. Faculty of Psychology, Southwest University, Chongqing 400715, China;2. Research Center of Mental Health Education, Southwest University, Chongqing 400715, China
Abstract:
Freshmen of middle schools and high schools have just entered a new stage of learning. With the change of learning environment, classmates and teachers, they are encountering a series of environmental adaptation problems, and so there are often more problem behaviors among them. To explore the influencing factors of problem behaviors among freshmen of middle schools and high schools, a mediation model was constructed in this study to examine whether loneliness and security mediate the relation between psychological suzhi and problem behaviors among them. A sample of 1184 freshmen of middle school and high schools was recruited in the study to complete measures of psychological suzhi, UCLA loneliness scale, problem behavior questionnaire and security scale. Pychological suzhi was shown to predict problem behaviors negatively among freshmen of middle schools and high schools, and oneliness and security played partial mediating effect between psychological suzhi and problem behaviors among them through three pathways:psychological suzhi-security-problem behavior; psychological suzhi-security-loneliness-problem behavior; psychological suzhi-loneliness-problem behavior. The pathway of psychological suzhi-security-problem behavior has the largest indirect effect value, that is, security plays a key mediating role between psychological suzhi and problem behaviors.
Key words:  psychological suzhi  problem behavior  loneliness  security  freshman of middle school and high school
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