引用本文:李义龙, 廖和平, 张亚飞, 张茜茜.乡村振兴背景下镇域高标准农田建设条件及发展模式研究[J].西南大学学报(自然科学版),2019,41(2):90~99
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乡村振兴背景下镇域高标准农田建设条件及发展模式研究
李义龙, 廖和平, 张亚飞, 张茜茜1,2
1. 西南大学 地理科学学院, 重庆 400715;2. 西南大学 国土资源研究所, 重庆 400715
摘要:
为了解新时代乡村振兴战略与高标准农田建设之间的关系,以地块为评价单元,通过建设适宜性、空间稳定性测度、耦合协调度模型以及局部空间自相关分析,对古路镇耕地进行分析评价,划分高标准农田建设区域,并根据各项目区主要发展障碍明确项目建设模式及方向.研究表明:①古路镇高标准农田建设适宜性指数介于0.261 8~0.798 6之间,空间稳定性指数介于0.439 7~0.999 9之间,高标准农田建设适宜-空间稳定耦合协调度较高,高标准农田建设适宜性、空间稳定性及其耦合协调关系在空间上均存在较强的正相关关系;②古路镇高标准农田建设可划分为优先划定区、重点建设区、后备调控区和生态缓冲区等4个总体分区和19个详细分区,依据资源禀赋确定产业兴旺-集约高效、提质增效-产业培育、补齐短板-整合资源、生态宜居-环境整治等4个发展模式;③古路镇耕地资源总体上呈现"西优东劣""南退北稳"的空间格局,应充分发挥耕地资源优势,重视生态保护;④现行规划中古路镇的高标准农田建设项目全部位于优先划定区和重点建设区,布局较为合理.
关键词:  乡村振兴  高标准农田  耦合协调度  局部空间自相关  障碍度模型
DOI:10.13718/j.cnki.xdzk.2019.02.013
分类号:F301.1;S28
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(41701611);中央高校基本业务费专项基金项目(SWU116063);重庆市社会科学规划培育项目(2017PY39).
Construction Conditions and Development Pattern of Well-Facilitated Farmland in Town Area Based on Rural Vitalization
LI Yi-long, LIAO He-ping, ZHANG Ya-fei, ZHANG Qian-qian1,2
1. School of Geographical Science, Southwest University, Chongqing 400715, China;2. Institute of Land Resources, Southwest University, Chongqing 400715, China
Abstract:
This paper analyzes the relationship between the strategy of rural vitalization and the construction of well-facilitated farmland in the new era. In this paper, plot is used as an evaluation unit to analyze and evaluate the cultivated fields of Gulu town through the construction of a model for the measurement of suitability, spatial stability and coupling coordination and the local spatial association analysis. Based on the evaluation results, this paper divides the well-facilitated farmland construction areas and defines the project construction mode and direction according to the main development obstacles in each project area. The research indicates that the suitability index of well-facilitated farmland construction and the spatial stability index in Gulu town are in the range of 0.261 8-0.798 6 and 0.439 7-0.999 9, respectively, and the coupling degree of the two is relatively high. There is a strong positive correlation between spatial suitability, spatial stability and coupling coordination of well-facilitated farmland construction. The well-facilitated farmland construction in Gulu town can be divided into 4 areas and 19 subareas, i.e. priority delimitation area, key construction area, backup regulation area, and ecological buffer area. Based on their resource conditions, four development modes are identified accordingly. The cultivated field resources of Gulu town generally present a spatial pattern of "West superiority and East inferiority" and "South unstable and North stable". The advantages of cultivated field resources should be brought into full play, and ecological protection should be emphasized. Well-facilitated farmland construction projects of Gulu town in current planning are all located in priority demarcation areas and key construction areas and the layout is reasonable.
Key words:  rural vitalization  well-facilitied farmland  coupling coordination  local indicators of spatial association analysis  obstacle model
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