引用本文:来飞, 黄超群, 胡博.智能汽车自动驾驶技术的发展与挑战[J].西南大学学报(自然科学版),2019,41(8):124~133
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智能汽车自动驾驶技术的发展与挑战
来飞, 黄超群, 胡博1,2,3
1. 重庆理工大学 车辆工程学院, 重庆 400054;2. 汽车零部件先进制造技术教育部重点实验室, 重庆 400054;3. 重庆工商职业学院, 重庆 401520
摘要:
汽车自动驾驶技术的进步受益于人们对减小车辆碰撞行为所作的努力,人类驾驶员安全驾驶积累的相关经验将有助于驾驶自动化的发展.在解决车辆典型碰撞事故过程中,车辆纵向、横向及十字交叉路口的相关自动化技术的发展推动了汽车自动化驾驶水平的提升.智能汽车的完全自动驾驶是人类奋斗的最终目标,作为科技改变世界的钥匙,智能汽车的自动驾驶将可能引发社会制度的改变.人们的信任程度最终会影响自动驾驶的实际应用,并决定自动驾驶系统发挥潜在技术服务的机会.有限的地理条件和典型的使用场景将成为智能汽车自动驾驶技术应用的关键突破口.
关键词:  智能汽车  自动驾驶  驾驶辅助  自动控制
DOI:10.13718/j.cnki.xdzk.2019.08.018
分类号:U469.79
基金项目:重庆理工大学科研启动基金资助项目(2019z031);重庆市教育委员会科学技术研究资助项目(KJ1603809,KJQN201801124);重庆市留创计划创新类项目资助计划(cx2018135).
Development of Intelligent Vehicle Automatic Driving Technology and the Challenge It Faces
LAI Fei, HUANG Chao-qun, HU Bo1,2,3
1. College of Vehicle Engineering, Chongqing University of Technology, Chongqing 400054, China;2. Key Laboratory of Advanced Manufacturing Technology for Automobile Parts of Ministry of Education, Chongqing 400054, China;3. Chongqing Technology and Business Institute, Chongqing 401520, China
Abstract:
Advances in automotive driving automation technology benefit from efforts to reduce vehicle collision behavior, and the experiences accumulated by human drivers in safe driving will contribute to the development of driving automation. In the process of solving typical vehicle collision accidents, the development of relevant automation technology in longitudinal, lateral and intersection of vehicles has enhanced the level of automobile automatic driving. Fully automatic driving of intelligent vehicles is the ultimate goal of human struggle. As the key to changing the world by science and technology, automatic driving of intelligent vehicles may lead to changes in the social system. People's hesitancy for automatic driving will affect its actual application, and decide the opportunity of automatic driving system to develop potential technical services. Limited geographical conditions and typical usage scenarios will be the key breakthrough of intelligent vehicle automatic driving technology.
Key words:  intelligent vehicle  automatic driving  driver assistance  automatic control
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