引用本文:王文文.知识资本视角下中国省际经济增长质量的测度[J].西南大学学报(自然科学版),2019,41(9):112~124
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知识资本视角下中国省际经济增长质量的测度
王文文1,2
1. 西南政法大学 经济法学院, 重庆 401120;2.
2. 重庆市综合经济研究院 计划财务处, 重庆 401147
摘要:
中国经济正处在由投资驱动的粗放型发展模式向创新驱动的质量型发展模式转变的阶段,以知识资本为基础的创新驱动模式已成为国家发展战略.在总结经济增长质量、知识资本、创新驱动等研究的基础上,该文提出从知识资本视角下对省际经济增长质量进行测度,以经济基础、教育发展、创新发展、绿色发展4个维度,以区域生产总值(GDP)、固定投资、产业结构、消费结构、教育投入、教育水平、研究与发展(R&D)投入、专利成果、技术交易、能源效率、污染处理等15个指标,采用2000-2017年统计数据对省际经济增长质量进行定量分析.结果表明:中国经济增长质量稳中向好,如结构持续优化、知识逐步积累、创新快速发展、效能逐步提高,但仍存在诸多问题与挑战,如投资规模与结构需进一步优化、知识创新应用实效需提升、绿色发展需强化等.
关键词:  增长质量  知识资本  创新驱动  测度
DOI:10.13718/j.cnki.xdzk.2019.09.015
分类号:F014.391
基金项目:重庆市社会科学规划项目(2016YBFX153,2018YBJJ047).
Measurement of China's Inter-provincial Economic Growth Quality from the Perspective of Knowledge Capital
WANG Wen-wen1,2
1. Law School of Economics, Southwest University of Political Science and Law, Chongqing 401120, China;2.
2. Finance Office, Chongqing Research Institute of Comprehensive Economy, Chongqing 401147, China
Abstract:
China's economy is at a stage of transformation from an extensive investment-driven development model to an innovation-driven quality-oriented development model, and the innovation-driven model based on knowledge capital has become a national development strategy. Summing up previous research on the quality of economic growth, knowledge capital and innovation drive, this paper proposes to measure the quality of inter-provincial economic growth from the perspective of knowledge capital. Starting from the four dimensions of economic basis, education development, innovation development and green development, this paper quantitatively analyzes the quality of inter-provincial economic growth (statistical data from 2000 to 2017) on basis of the fifteen indicators, such as regional GDP, fixed investment, industrial structure, consumption structure, education input, education level, R&D input, patent achievement, technology transaction, energy efficiency and pollution treatment. The results show that the quality of China's economic growth is steadily improving, the structure is continuously optimized, knowledge is gradually accumulated, innovation is rapidly developing, and the efficiency is gradually improved. However, there are still many problems and challenges, such as optimization of investment scale and structure, improvement in effectiveness of knowledge innovation application, and strengthening of green development.
Key words:  growth quality  knowledge capital  innovation-driven  measurement
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