引用本文:周思宇, 杨建伟, 顾博, 朱鹂, 谭为民, 龙虹毓.基于城市特征差异性的充电设施规划[J].西南大学学报(自然科学版),2019,41(10):133~141
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基于城市特征差异性的充电设施规划
周思宇, 杨建伟, 顾博, 朱鹂, 谭为民, 龙虹毓1,2
1. 西南大学 工程技术学院, 重庆 400715;2. 国网重庆市电力公司江北供电分公司, 重庆 401147
摘要:
合理规划电动汽车充电设施,对推动电动汽车产业发展具有重要意义.为了使充电设施建设布局更加合理,提出了一种计及城市特征差异性的规划方法.依据城市各区域功能差异性进行板块划分,分析各板块用户充电需求特点;城市各道路交通状况也存在差异性,引入路况系数,提出时间成本模型;建立了一个以充电设施经济效益最大化为目标的规划模型,优化得到充电设施具体布局方案.算例分析表明:该方法得到了合理的充电设施规划方案,提高了充电设施经济效益,对重庆市充电设施的规划具有指导作用.
关键词:  电动汽车  差异性  充电需求量  充电设施规划
DOI:10.13718/j.cnki.xdzk.2019.10.018
分类号:TM715
基金项目:国家科技支撑计划项目(2015BAG10B00);中央高校基本科研业务费专项(XDJK2015A006);博士引进人才基金项目(SWU114050);江北供电公司项目(JB201730JT008).
Charging Facilities Planning Taking Account of Differences in Urban Characteristics
ZHOU Si-yu, YANG Jian-wei, GU Bo, ZHU Li, TAN Wei-min, LONG Hong-yu1,2
1. School of Engineering and Technology, Southwest University, Chongqing 400715, China;2. State Grid Chongqing Jiangbei Power Supply Company, Chongqing 401147, China
Abstract:
Reasonable planning of electric vehicle charging facilities has a great significance to promote the development of electric vehicle industry. In order to make the construction of charging facilities more reasonable, the authors propose in this paper a planning method that takes account of the differences of urban characteristics. Blocks is divided based on the functional differences between the various regions of the city, and the characteristics of user charging demands of each sector are analyzed. As there are also differences in road traffic conditions in cities, a road congestion coefficient is introduced and a model of time cost is proposed. A planning model that aims to maximize the economic benefits of charging facilities is established, and the specific layout scheme of the charging facility is optimized. Analysis of a calculation example shows that a reasonable planning of charging facilities is achieved with the proposed method, and the economic benefits of the charging facilities are increased. Having been applied successfully to the planning scheme of charging facilities under the jurisdiction of Chongqing Jiangbei Power Supply Company, this method may play a guiding role in the initial stage of planning of charging facilities in Chongqing.
Key words:  electric vehicle  difference  charging demand  planning of charging facilities
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