引用本文:戴智勇, 杨朝现, 信桂新, 魏耀华, 熊想想.丘陵山区土地利用冲突评价及调控优化[J].西南大学学报(自然科学版),2019,41(11):82~91
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丘陵山区土地利用冲突评价及调控优化
戴智勇, 杨朝现, 信桂新, 魏耀华, 熊想想1,2
1. 西南大学 资源环境学院, 重庆 400715;2. 长江师范学院 武陵山区特色资源开发与利用研究中心, 重庆 涪陵 408100
摘要:
开展丘陵山区土地利用冲突评价可为土地利用调控优化与空间管控提供理论依据与实践支撑.以重庆市江津区2009年和2016年两期土地利用数据为例,运用景观生态学风险评价方法测算土地利用冲突综合指数,对冲突指数进行空间自相关分析,最后提出相应的土地利用调控优化策略.结果表明:1)土地利用冲突等级数量从多到少依次为稳定可控、一般冲突、中度冲突、重度冲突,冲突等级空间格局呈现"一江一河三区"集中连片的分布规律.2)江津区不同海拔下的土地利用冲突呈现出规律变化特征,海拔越高,冲突程度越小,冲突地类随冲突程度发生相应变化.3)江津区土地利用冲突指数全局的正相关性有统计学意义,2016年热点区与冷点区较2009年都有所增加,集聚态势随着时间推移进一步加强.4)基于江津区不同海拔下的土地利用冲突等级,提出3种土地调控优化策略,引导土地利用空间协调发展,提高区域可持续发展水平.
关键词:  土地利用冲突  评价  调控优化  丘陵山区
DOI:10.13718/j.cnki.xdzk.2019.11.011
分类号:F323.211
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(41771534);国家科技支撑项目(2013BAJ11B02).
Evaluation of Land Use Conflicts in Hilly and Mountainous Areas and Optimization of Their Control
DAI Zhi-yong, YANG Chao-xian, XIN Gui-xin, WEI Yao-hua, XIONG Xiang-xiang1,2
1. School of Resources and Environment, Southwest University, Chongqing 400715, China;2. Research Center for Development and Utility of Unique Resources in the Wulingshan Region, Yangtze Normal University, Fuling Chongqing 408100, China
Abstract:
Evaluation of land use conflicts in hilly and mountainous areas may provide theoretical basis and practice support for land use optimization and space control. In this paper, the land use data of Jiangjin district of Chongqing in two periods is used as an example, and the comprehensive index of land use conflict is constructed based on the PSR (perfectly stirred reactor) model and the landscape ecological risk assessment method. Spatial autocorrelation analysis is made of the conflict index and, finally, a corresponding land use regulation and optimization strategy is proposed. The results are as follows. The grades of land use conflicts appear reducing as stable-in-control, slight conflict, moderate conflict, high conflict, and their spatial pattern presents a concentrated "two rivers-three groups" distribution. The land use conflicts at different altitudes of Jiangjin district show a regular variation:the degree of conflict diminishes with higher altitude, and the type of land use varies with the degrees of conflict. There is a significant positive correlation between the indexes of land use conflict in Jiangjin district. The number of "cold spot" and "hot spot" in 2016 is more than in 2009, and the agglomeration situation has been further strengthened over time. This paper, based on land use conflict level of different elevations of Jiangjin district, proposes three land use regulation and optimization strategies to guide the coordinated development of land use space and improve the level of regional sustainable development.
Key words:  land use conflict  evaluation  regulation and optimization  hilly and mountainous area
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