引用本文:王伟栋, 任浩天, 张嫩江.白音锡勒草场公共设施的生态化格局研究[J].西南大学学报(自然科学版),2019,41(11):125~131
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白音锡勒草场公共设施的生态化格局研究
王伟栋, 任浩天, 张嫩江
内蒙古科技大学 建筑学院, 内蒙古 包头 014010
摘要:
通过对锡林郭勒白音锡勒草场的现状进行调研,发现草原牧户高度分散、公共建筑缺失、基础设施薄弱是牧区人居现状的主要特点,草场牧户单元的现状分布呈现出梯度性、分散集聚性、动态迁移性的态势,导致了公共设施普遍较为分散、滞后.该文运用中心地理论学说对草原牧区的人居环境现状进行研究,并对草场公共设施的合理配置进行论证.
关键词:  白音锡勒草场  牧户单元  公共设施  生态化格局
DOI:10.13718/j.cnki.xdzk.2019.11.016
分类号:TU201
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(51608280,51868060);内蒙古科技大学创新基金优秀青年基金项目(2018YQL03).
Study of the Ecological Pattern of Public Facilities in Baiyinxile Ranch
WANG Wei-dong, REN Hao-tian, Zhang Neng-jiang
Architecture College, Inner Mongolia University of Science and Technology, Baotou Inner Mongolia 014010, China
Abstract:
With the change in grassland management mode, the grassland is now divided based on household units, and the traditional nomadic production mode is gradually transformed to "fixed grazing" modes, i.e. settled nomadic mode, settled area rotation grazing mode and settled animal husbandry. Family pasture has become the focus of grassland ecological protection. In a study reported in this paper, the authors investigated the present residential situation of Baiyinxile Ranch in Xilingol League of Inner Mongolia and, based on the central place theory, studied the current situation of human settlement environment in grassland and put forward proposals for rational allocation of public facilities in grassland. The results showed that the present residential situation of Baiyinxile Ranch was characterized by highly scattering settlements of the herdsman households, lack of public buildings and weak infrastructure. The local herdsman household units were distributed in a gradient way, with dispersed agglomeration and dynamic migration, and the public facilities were dispersed and inadequate.
Key words:  Baiyinxile  herdsman household unit  public facility  ecological pattern
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