引用本文:彭小凡, 杜昆筑, 尹桂玲, 桂腾娅.父母情感温暖与儿童正负情绪:心理素质和希望感的连续中介及差异[J].西南大学学报(自然科学版),2020,42(2):22~28
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父母情感温暖与儿童正负情绪:心理素质和希望感的连续中介及差异
彭小凡, 杜昆筑, 尹桂玲, 桂腾娅
贵州师范大学 心理学院, 贵阳 550025
摘要:
心理素质和希望感可能是父母情感温暖影响儿童情绪体验的内在机制.采用父母情感温暖量表、小学生心理素质问卷、儿童希望量表和正负性情绪量表,对1 350名小学生进行施测,结果发现:父母情感温暖可以通过儿童的心理素质和希望感提高/降低儿童的正性/负性情绪,其中正负2种情绪上的连续中介机制差异具有统计学意义.对于正性情绪,心理素质和希望只是部分中介的作用;对于负性情绪,则是完全中介,并且在希望的路径思维维度上出现了遮蔽效应.
关键词:  小学生  父母情感温暖  心理素质  希望感  动力思维  路径思维  正负性情绪  中介作用
DOI:10.13718/j.cnki.xdzk.2020.02.004
分类号:
基金项目:全国教育科学规划教育部青年课题(EBA170438).
Parental Emotional Warmth and Children's Positive and Negative Emotion: The Continuous Mediation of Psychological Suzhi and Hope and Their Differences
PENG Xiao-fan, DU Kun-zhu, YIN Gui-ling, GUI Teng-ya
School of Psychology, Guizhou Normal University, Guiyang 550025, China
Abstract:
Psychological suzhi and hope may be two mediators between parental emotional warmth and children's positive and negative emotion. In the present study, we investigated 1350 primary school students with Parental Emotional Warmth Scale, Psychological Suzhi Questionnaire (Child Version), Hope Scale and Positive and Negative Emotion Scale. The results showed that parental emotional warmth affected children's positive and negative emotion through psychological suzhi and hope. For positive emotion, children's psychological sushi and hope partially mediated the relationship; for negative emotion, however, they fully mediated the relationship. In addition, an overshadowing effect occurred in the dimension of pathway thinking of hope.
Key words:  primary school student  parental emotional warmth  psychological suzhi  hope  agency thinking  pathway thinking  positive and negative emotion  mediation
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