引用本文:王刚, 廖和平, 李涛, 张亚飞, 冉启智.精准扶贫背景下贫困农户识别对耕地利用效率的影响——以重庆市石柱土家族自治县为例[J].西南大学学报(自然科学版),2019,41(1):1~9
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精准扶贫背景下贫困农户识别对耕地利用效率的影响——以重庆市石柱土家族自治县为例
王刚, 廖和平, 李涛, 张亚飞, 冉启智1,2
1. 西南大学 地理科学学院, 重庆 400715;2. 西南大学 精准扶贫与区域发展评估研究中心, 重庆 400715
摘要:
以重庆市石柱土家族自治县(以下简称"石柱县")1 027户农户调研数据为依据,运用DEA模型测度了精准扶贫视角下不同属性农户类别的耕地利用效率,并以Tobit模型回归分析研究了扶贫视角下影响农户耕地利用效率的关键因素.结果表明:高强度的瞄准性政策帮扶对耕地利用效率影响并不高,且存在一般农户、贫困户、脱贫户的耕地利用效率依次降低和贫困村、非贫困村的耕地利用效率依次降低的两种趋势;从贫困视角的农户识别看,贫困户对耕地利用效率影响的正相关有统计学意义;土地收入占家庭总收入的比例、农业补贴、发展特色种植业和较强的村域经济发展速度对耕地利用效率的正相关有统计学意义,而耕地规模对耕地利用效率呈负向影响,劳动力技能培训和农户仅接受了义务教育阶段教育水平这一因素对扶贫视角下耕地利用效率影响无统计学意义.
关键词:  精准扶贫  贫困农户识别  耕地利用效率
DOI:10.13718/j.cnki.xdzk.2019.01.001
分类号:F323.211;S181
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(41701611);重庆市技术预见与制度创新重点项目(csts2017-jsyj-jsyjBX0015);重庆市社会科学规划培育项目(2017PY39).
The Impact of Poor Farmer Household Identification on Cultivated Land Use Efficiency Under the Background of Targeted Poverty Alleviation——A Case Study of Sizhu County of Chongqing
WANG Gang, LIAO He-ping, LI Tao, ZHANG Ya-fei, RAN Qi-zhi1,2
1. School of Geographical Sciences, Southwest University, Chongqing 400715, China;2. Southwest University Center for Targeted Poverty Alleviation and Regional Development Assessment, Chongqing 400715, China
Abstract:
Based on the survey data of 1 027 farmer households in Shizhu Tujia Autonomous County of Chongqing, the authors used the DEA model to measure the cultivated land use efficiency of different-attribute households, and the Tobit model to study the key factors influencing the cultivated land use efficiency based on targeted poverty alleviation. The results showed that the effect of the targeted poverty alleviation policy was not great on cultivated land use efficiency, and there were two kinds of trends on cultivated land use efficiency reducing in order:the efficiency of the rich families, the efficiency of the poor families, the efficiency of the households who had been relieved from poverty, and the efficiency of the poor villages, the efficiency of the non-poor villages. From the perspective of poverty, the poor families had a significant positive effect on cultivated land use efficiency. A high proportion of land income in the total income of the household, agricultural subsidies, the development of a special planting industry, and a rapid growth of the village economy were in a significant positive correlation with cultivated land use efficiency, while the scale of cultivated land had a negative effect on it. The factors of labor skill training and the limited compulsory education received by the local farmers had no significant effect on the cultivated land use efficiency in the perspective of poverty alleviation.
Key words:  targeted poverty reduction  identification of poor farmer household  land use efficiency
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