引用本文:李奕成, 朱南燕, 李子杰, 成玉宁.中国传统画水论与造园理水实践比照研究[J].西南大学学报(自然科学版),2019,41(1):130~136
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中国传统画水论与造园理水实践比照研究
李奕成, 朱南燕, 李子杰, 成玉宁1,2,3
1. 西南大学 园艺园林学院, 重庆 400715;2. 东南大学 建筑学院, 南京 210096;3. 福建农林大学 园林学院, 福州 350002
摘要:
始于晋代的山水画、山水诗、山水园三位一体的发展特点,促使中国传统山水画论与造园理法间的相互渗透与彼此启发.水作为重要的造景元素在造园实践中与传统画水理论的章法、道法真水、善假于物等创作手法观照,重视布局以及源头、水口和水尾等水境的端部的处理,注重不同水境的塑造,并协同地形、建筑和植物等各类景物构建旷奥兼具、虚实相合的园林空间.在亟需提高文化自觉的当代,于古代山水画论中寻求园林理法智慧不仅具备现实价值,而且对传统艺术理论的传承与创新具有重要意义.
关键词:  画水论  造园  理水
DOI:10.13718/j.cnki.xdzk.2019.01.019
分类号:TU986.4
基金项目:教育部人文社会科学研究基金青年项目(18YJC760044);重庆市城市管理科技计划项目(城管科字2018第17号);中央高校基本科研业务费(SWU118001);重庆市社会科学规划博士项目(2017BS27);西南大学2018年校级教育教学改革研究项目(2018JY083).
The Comparable Research of Chinese Traditional Painting Water and Water Landscape Practice in China's Ancient Gardens
LI Yi-cheng, ZHU Nan-yan, LI Zi-jie, CHENG Yu-ning1,2,3
1. School of Horticulture and Landscape Architecture, Southwest University, Chongqing 400715, China;2. School of Architecture, Southwest University, Nanjing 210096, China;3. College of Landscape Architecture, Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University, Fuzhou 350002, China
Abstract:
The developing characters of the triunity with landscape painting, landscape poetry and landscape garden which begun from the Jin dynasty (265-420 A.D.) in China promotes the mutual penetration and inspiration between Chinese traditional landscape painting and landscape architecture theory. As an important landscape element in garden designing activities, water is inspired from the traditional painting water theory such as being well organized, learning from true water, using the surrounding materials, etc. In creating a beautiful garden space which has both spaciousness and profundity in landscape designing and is mixed with real or virtual, it is important to emphasize the planning and treatment of the end of water such as the water source, the nozzle and the tail, to figure different water environments, and to coordinate terrain, buildings, plants and other types of sceneries. In the contemporary world, it is urgent to improve our cultural consciousness. Not only does seeking the wisdom of landscape architecture from Chinese traditional painting theory have definite realistic value, it also is of great significance to the inheritance and innovation of traditional art theory.
Key words:  painting water theory  gardening  water designing
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