引用本文:张家辉, 王春辉, 王略成, 张骞, 刘邦瑞, 邓洪平.阴条岭国家级自然保护区大型真菌调查研究[J].西南大学学报(自然科学版),2019,41(3):9~13
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阴条岭国家级自然保护区大型真菌调查研究
张家辉, 王春辉, 王略成, 张骞, 刘邦瑞, 邓洪平
西南大学 生命科学学院/三峡库区生态环境教育部重点实验室, 重庆 400715
摘要:
对重庆巫溪阴条岭国家级自然保护区大型真菌资源及其区系特征进行了研究.结果显示:保护区有大型真菌36科62属83种,其中:木生真菌45种、寄生真菌1种、土生真菌37种;优势科明显,以多孔菌科、伞菌科、小皮伞科和脆柄菇科为主;从属的组成上可划分为世界分布属(67.64%)、泛热带分布属(16.13%)和北温带分布属(16.13%),表现出从亚热带向北温带过渡的区系特征.从资源价值来看,保护区有食用菌34种,药用菌28种,毒菌5种,木腐菌45种.
关键词:  阴条岭自然保护区  大型真菌  区系  资源价值
DOI:10.13718/j.cnki.xdzk.2019.03.002
分类号:Q948.3
基金项目:环保部生物多样性调查与评估项目(104320/40503016).
A Preliminary Study on Macrofungi in Yintiaoling National Nature Reserve
ZHANG Jia-hui, WANG Chun-hui, WANG Lüe-cheng, ZHANG Qian, LIU Bang-rui, DENG Hong-ping
School of Life Science, Southwest University/Key Laboratory of Eco-Environments in Three Gorges Reservoir Region(Ministry of Education), Chongqing 400715, China
Abstract:
The flora and resource value of macrofungi collected from Yintiaoling Natural Reserve in Chongqing of China, including 83 species of 62 genera of 36 families, are primarily analyzed in this paper. Of the 83 species recorded, 45 belong to lignicolous macrofungi, 1 is parasitical and 37 are humicolous. Polyporaceae, Agaricaceae, Marasmiaceae and Psathyrellaceae are dominant families. These 4 families account for 34.94% of the total species. Regarding the composition, the genera are grouped into 3 geographical elements, i.e. the cosmopolitan element (67.74%), the pantropical element (16.13%) and the north temperate element (16.13%), suggesting a striking floral characteristic of transition from a subtropical to a north temperature distribution. As far as their resource values are concerned, 34 macrofungi are edible mushroom, 28 are medicinal fungi, 5 are toadstools, and 45 are wood-decaying fungi.
Key words:  Yintiaoling Natural Reserve  macrofungus  flora  resource value
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