引用本文:李明生, 叶进, 李登, 杨仕, 曾百功, 柳剑.基于离散单元法的荞麦播种机排种器设计与试验[J].西南大学学报(自然科学版),2019,41(4):78~85
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基于离散单元法的荞麦播种机排种器设计与试验
李明生, 叶进, 李登, 杨仕, 曾百功, 柳剑
西南大学 工程技术学院, 重庆 400715
摘要:
为优化荞麦播种机外槽轮式排种器的最佳排种性能参数,满足3种典型荞麦种子的农艺要求,降低田间试验强度,采用球颗粒聚合法建立3种典型荞麦种子的EDEM仿真分析模型,通过试验测量计算3种荞麦种子在不同接触形式下的刚度系数和阻尼系数,基于离散单元法对荞麦播种机排种器进行数值模拟.采用L4(23)正交试验法进行排种器工作过程模拟,研究不同转速、凹槽半径和槽数对排种器排量的影响.仿真试验结果表明:凹槽半径为3×10-3 m,槽数为20,槽轮转速为58.58 r/min时,排种器能够满足3种荞麦种子的最大播量要求.台架试验结果表明:台架试验与仿真试验的排量相对误差2.93%~9.90%;荞麦排种器的排量随槽轮转速的增加而增加,总体线性度相关系数R2>0.98.
关键词:  荞麦  排种器  离散单元法  正交试验  台架试验
DOI:10.13718/j.cnki.xdzk.2019.04.011
分类号:S223.2+3
基金项目:重庆市社会事业与民生保障科技创新专项(cstc2017shms-xdny8003).
Design and Test of a Seed Metering Device for Buckwheat Seeder Based on the Discrete Element Method
LI Ming-sheng, YE Jin, LI Deng, YANG Shi, ZENG Bai-gong, LIU Jian
School of Engineering and Technology, Southwest University, Chongqing 400715, China
Abstract:
In order to optimize the optimum seed metering performance parameters of the external grooves seed metering device of the buckwheat sowing machine, and to meet the agronomic requirements of three kinds of typical buckwheat seeds, EDEM simulation analysis models of three typical buckwheat seeds were established by ball pellet polymerization, and the stiffness coefficients and damping coefficients of the three kinds of buckwheat seeds were tested under different contact forms. Numerical simulation of the precision seed metering device for buckwheat seeder was carried out based on the discrete element method. The L4(23) orthogonal test method was used in the simulation of the seed metering device working process to study the effect of different speed, groove radius and slot number on the seed rate of the metering device. The simulation results showed that the seed metering device could meet the maximum demand for the seed of three kinds of buckwheat seeds when the radius of the groove was 3×10-3 m, the number of grooves was 20, and the rotation speed of the grooves was 58.58r/min. The result of a bench test showed that the relative error of the buckwheat bench test and the simulation test was 2.93%~9.90%; the seed rate of the buckwheat seed metering device increased with the speed of the slot wheel, and the correlation coefficient of the overall linearity R2 was over 0.98.
Key words:  buckwheat  seed metering device  discrete element method  orthogonal test  bench test
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