引用本文:杨东, 张琳嘉, 陈依依, 茶利强.汽车企业中创造性问题解决的原型启发效应[J].西南大学学报(自然科学版),2019,41(4):109~115
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汽车企业中创造性问题解决的原型启发效应
杨东, 张琳嘉, 陈依依, 茶利强1,2
1. 西南大学 心理学部, 重庆 400715;2. 西南大学 含弘学院, 重庆 400715
摘要:
聚焦于现实中的汽车企业,研究汽车技术从业者在解决技术创造性问题时的原型启发效应,同时探索汽车技术从业者的工作经验对汽车技术创造性问题解决的影响,结果发现:在汽车技术创造性问题的解决过程中,在有、无原型事件被提供的学习条件下,被试解决问题的正确率差异具有统计学意义;此外,在模拟现实的情境中,被试作答高难度问题的正确率显著低于作答低难度问题时的正确率,且激活率也显著低于低难度问题的激活率;同时在解决问题的正确率上,经验丰富的汽车技术从业者作答显著高于毫无经验的大学生,而原型事件激活率的差异不具有统计学意义.
关键词:  汽车企业  汽车技术创新  创造性思维  创造性问题解决  原型启发效应  工作经验
DOI:10.13718/j.cnki.xdzk.2019.04.016
分类号:B842
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(71472156).
Prototype Elicitation Effect on Creative Problem Solving in Automobile Enterprises
YANG Dong, ZHANG Lin-jia, CHEN Yi-yi, CHA Li-qiang1,2
1. Faculty of Psychology, Southwest University, Chongqing 400715, China;2. Hanhong College, Southwest University, Chongqing 400715, China
Abstract:
Focusing on the real-world automobile enterprises, we research the prototype elicitation effect on creative problem solving in automobile enterprises. What's more, we are concerned with the impact of working experience on the prototype elicitation effect. We get the following conclusions. In the process of problem solving of creative automobile technological innovation, the correct answer rate of problem solving of the subjects when prototypes are provided is significantly different from that when no prototypes are provided. In addition, in the context of simulated reality, the activation rate and correctness of difficulty tasks given by the subjects are significantly lower than those of less difficult tasks. At the same time, the correctness of the answers of experienced workers is significantly higher than that of college students who have no experience at all, but the activation rate of prototypal events has no significant difference.
Key words:  automobile enterprise  automobile technology innovation  creative thinking  creative problem solving  prototype elicitation effect  work experience
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