引用本文:周仁会, 郭成, 杨满云, 吴慧敏.大学生个体死亡焦虑量表的编制[J].西南大学学报(自然科学版),2019,41(4):124~129
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大学生个体死亡焦虑量表的编制
周仁会, 郭成, 杨满云, 吴慧敏1,2
1. 西南大学 心理学部/心理健康教育研究中心, 重庆 400715;2. 贵州大学 心理健康教育咨询中心, 贵阳 550025
摘要:
为编制适用于中国大学生被试的个体死亡焦虑量表,对四川、重庆、山西3地4所高校的1 300名大学生被试进行问卷施测,2周后选取70人进行重测,采用Templer编制的死亡焦虑量表作为校标.研究结果表明:个体死亡焦虑量表包含17个项目,由价值实现焦虑、重要他人焦虑、死后境况焦虑、死时痛苦焦虑4个维度构成.总量表和各维度均具有良好的信度和效度,量表可以作为大学生个体死亡焦虑的测量工具,建议使用各维度得分,不使用总量表得分.
关键词:  个体死亡焦虑  因素分析  效度  信度
DOI:10.13718/j.cnki.xdzk.2019.04.018
分类号:B844
基金项目:国家社会科学基金项目(BBA140049);中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金项目(swu1909106).
The Development of a University Students Personal Death Anxiety Scale
ZHOU Ren-hui, GUO Cheng, YANG Man-yun, WU Hui-min1,2
1. Faculty of Psychology/Research Center of Mental Health Education, Southwest University, Chongqing 400715, China;2. Center for Mental Health Education and Psychological Counselling, Guizhou University, Guiyang 550025, China
Abstract:
To construct the Personal Death Anxiety Scale for Chinese university students, 1210 students from four universities in Sichuan, Chongqing and Shanxi Province were selected for a questionnaire survey, and 70 university students were selected for retesting two weeks later. Templer's Death Anxiety Scale (DAS) was used as the validity criterion. The University Personal Death Anxiety Scale thus developed contains17 items and is omposed of 4 dimensions:value realization anxiety, important others anxiety, states in afterlife anxiety, and death pain anxiety. The scale and all its dimensions have good reliability and validity. The scale can be used as a measure of personal death anxiety for university students. It is recommended to use the scores of each dimension instead of the total score of the scale.
Key words:  personal death anxiety  factor analysis  reliability  validity
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