引用本文:杨超沙, 王国华, 尹伟平, 尹庆珍, 王静瑶, 曹秀莲, 李宁馨.日光温室秋冬番茄多抗优良品种的筛选[J].西南大学学报(自然科学版),2019,41(5):8~14
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日光温室秋冬番茄多抗优良品种的筛选
杨超沙, 王国华, 尹伟平, 尹庆珍, 王静瑶, 曹秀莲, 李宁馨1,2,3,4
1. 河北省农林科学院 经济作物研究所, 石家庄 050051;2. 河北省高邑县农牧局农业技术推广中心, 河北 高邑 051330;3. 河北中医学院, 石家庄 050021;4. 河北经贸大学, 石家庄 050061
摘要:
本试验主要对14个番茄材料进行了Ty-1,Ty-2,Ty-3,Mi-1和Cf-9共5个抗性基因的检测,并在自然条件下观察番茄植株对黄化曲叶病毒病、叶霉病、根结线虫病的抗性.生物学检测结果表明,14个材料均含有黄化曲叶病毒病抗性基因、根结线虫抗性基因Mi-1和番茄叶霉病抗性基因Cf-9.其中,2个番茄材料含有5个抗性基因,8个材料含有4个抗性基因,4个材料含有3个抗性基因.田间抗病性调查并未发现显著的感病情况.此外,还对其生长习性等13个农艺性状进行了调查和统计.综合抗病能力以及田间表现,14,21,金棚8B等3个品种抗病能力强,生长势好,产量较高,比较适宜日光温室秋冬茬番茄的种植.
关键词:  番茄|黄化曲叶病毒病|根结线虫病|叶霉病|抗性基因检测
DOI:10.13718/j.cnki.xdzk.2019.05.002
分类号:S641.2
基金项目:河北省科技厅科技计划项目(16226308D-5);河北省农林科学院现代农业科技创新工程项目(2019038183-2);现代农业产业技术体系河北省创新团队建设项目(HBCT2018030204);河北省第三批“巨人计划”—蔬菜科研创新团队项目.
Comparison Test of Multi-Resistant and High-Quality Tomato Cultivars in a Solar Greenhouse During Autumn and Winter Cultivation
YANG Chao-sha, WANG Guo-hua, YIN Wei-ping, YIN Qing-zhen, WANG Jing-yao, CAO Xiu-lian, LI Ning-xin1,2,3,4
1. Institute of Cash Crops, Hebei Academy of Agriculture and Forestry Sciences, Shijiazhuang 050051, China;2. Agricultural Technology Extension Center of Gaoyi County Agriculture and Animal Husbandry Bureau, Gaoyi Hebei 051330, China;3. College of Pharmacy, Hebei University of Chinese Medicine, Shijiazhuang 050021, China;4. Hebei University of Economics and Trade, Shijiazhuang 050061, China
Abstract:
In this study, 14 tomato varieties were used to evaluate their resistance to tomato yellow leaf curl virus (TYLCV), leaf mould and root-knot nematode by natural incidence in a solar greenhouse, and TYLCV-resistance genes Ty-1, Ty-2, and Ty-3, root knot nematode resistance gene Mi-1 and tomato leaf mould resistance gene Cf-9 in them were detected with PCR. According to molecular detection, all the 14 varieties contained TYLCV-resistance gene(s), Mi-1 and Cf-9. Of them, 2 contained 5 resistance genes, 8 contained 4 resistance genes, and 4 contained 3 resistance genes. In a field resistance survey, no significant TYLCV, leaf mould or root-knot nematode was detected. In addition, 13 agronomical characters of the varieties were investigated and analyzed. Based on their comprehensive disease resistance and field performance, the varieties 14, 21, and Jinpeng8B were identified as highly disease-resistant, with the potentials of vigorous growth and high yield, and were recommended for planting in autumn and winter in solar greenhouses.
Key words:  tomato|yellow leaf curl virus|root-knot nematode disease|leaf mould|detection of resistance genes
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