引用本文:马兴宇, 叶国根, 乔冰珂, 赵建军, 刘安芳.线性聚乙烯亚胺(LPEI)介导DNA转染的优化研究[J].西南大学学报(自然科学版),2019,41(6):28~36
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线性聚乙烯亚胺(LPEI)介导DNA转染的优化研究
马兴宇, 叶国根, 乔冰珂, 赵建军, 刘安芳
西南大学 动物科学学院, 重庆 荣昌 402460
摘要:
线性聚乙烯亚胺(LPEI)是一类广泛用于核酸转染或药物传递的阳离子聚合物.为了进一步探究25 kDa LPEI的转染条件,通过凝胶电泳阻滞试验评估N/P,聚合pH及聚合时间对LPEI-DNA复合物形成的影响,继而利用大范围N/P的25 kDa LPEI对HEK293 T细胞进行绿色荧光蛋白表达质粒转染,转染48 h后通过绿色荧光细胞比例及MTT的统计分析,评估转染效率与LPEI造成的细胞毒性.结果表明,N/P的上升能增强LPEI-DNA的电泳阻滞;随着共孵育pH值从6~8升高,LPEI-DNA聚合逐渐减弱;随着共孵育时间延长,LPEI-DNA聚合逐渐增强,孵育1 h时达到饱和.随着体外转染HEK293 T细胞的N/P升高,转染阳性细胞比例逐渐升高,当N/P达到40~60时转染效率达到最高,进一步提高N/P后转染效率极显著下降(p<0.01);随着N/P升高,细胞活力逐渐下降.结果表明,N/P,pH,聚合时间均可影响LPEI聚合核酸能力;综合考虑N/P对HEK293 T细胞转染效率及细胞毒性的影响,确定25 kDa LPEI转染细胞适宜的条件为N/P为40~60,聚合pH值为6.0,聚合时间为1 h.
关键词:  线性聚乙烯亚胺  核酸聚合  体外转染
DOI:10.13718/j.cnki.xdzk.2019.06.005
分类号:Q782
基金项目:重庆市基础与前沿研究计划项目(cstc2016jcyjA0386);中央高校基本科研业务费(XDJK2018D016).
Optimization of DNA Transfection Mediated by Linear Polyethylenimine (LPEI)
MA Xing-yu, YE Guo-geng, QIAO Bing-ke, ZHAO Jian-jun, LIU An-fang
School of Animal Science, Southwest University, Rongchang Chongqing 402460, China
Abstract:
Linear polyethylenimine (LPEI) is a cationic polymer which is widely used for nucleic acid transfection and drug transport. In order to further explore the transfection conditions of 25 kDa LPEI,gel retardation assay was used to investigate the combined effect of N/P,co-incubation time of LPEI and DNA and co-incubation pH of LPEI-DNA on the formation of LPEI-DNA complex in this research. Then HEK293 T cell was used to transfect the 25 kDa LPEI with a GFP expression plasmid in a wide range of N/P,and the transfection efficiency and cytotoxicity were assessed with statistic analysis of fluorescent cell percent and MTT after 48-h transfection. The results showed that the gel retardation of LPEI-DNA increased with N/P,LPEI-DNA polymerization gradually decreased with the increase of co-incubation pH from 6 to 8,and LPEI-DNA polymerization gradually increased with the extension of co-incubation time and reached saturation at 1 h. With the increase of N/P in in vitro transfected HEK293 T cells,the proportion of transfected positive cells gradually increased. When N/P reached 40-60,the transfection efficiency reached the maxximum. With further increase in N/P,the transfection efficiency sharply decreased (p<0.01). The cell vabiliity gradually decreased with increasing N/P. Conclusion:N/P,polymerization pH and polymerization time all affected the ability of 25 kDa LPEI to polymerize nucleic acid. Considering the effect of N/P on HEK293 T cell transfection efficiency and cytotoxicity,the optimal conditions for 25 kDa LPEI transfection were N/P=40-60,polymerization pH=6.0,and polymerization time=1 h.
Key words:  linear polyethylenimine  nucleic acid polymerization  in vitro transfection
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