引用本文:张雪琪, 张大均, 林艳华, 聂倩, 王鑫强, 武丽丽, 陆星月.青少年心理素质与自杀意念:一个有调节的中介模型[J].西南大学学报(自然科学版),2019,41(6):51~57
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青少年心理素质与自杀意念:一个有调节的中介模型
张雪琪, 张大均, 林艳华, 聂倩, 王鑫强, 武丽丽, 陆星月1,2,3
1. 西南大学 心理健康教育研究中心/心理学部, 重庆 400715;2. 西南大学 附属中学, 重庆 400700;3. 江西师范大学 心理学院, 南昌 330022
摘要:
为探讨心理素质、领悟社会支持、负性生活事件与青少年自杀意念的关系及内在作用机制,建立了一个有调节作用的中介模型,并采用中学生心理素质量表、领悟社会支持量表、青少年生活事件量表和青少年自杀意念量表对全国2 035名中学生进行调查.结果显示:①青少年心理素质对自杀意念有显著的正向预测作用;②心理素质既可以直接影响青少年自杀意念,也可以通过领悟社会支持间接对自杀意念产生影响;③负性生活事件对该中介模型起到了调节作用,即负性生活事件较多时,心理素质和领悟社会支持对自杀意念的负向预测作用更强.认为领悟社会支持在心理素质与青少年自杀意念的关系中起部分中介作用,且该中介过程会受到负性生活事件的调节作用.
关键词:  心理素质  领悟社会支持  负性生活事件  自杀意念  青少年
DOI:10.13718/j.cnki.xdzk.2019.06.008
分类号:B844
基金项目:全国教育科学规划教育部青年课题(EBA170438).
The Relationship Between Psychological Suzhi and Suicidal Ideation in Adolescents: A Moderated Mediation Model
ZHANG Xue-qi, ZHANG Da-jun, LIN Yan-hua, NIE Qian, WANG Xin-qiang, WU Li-li, LU Xing-yue1,2,3
1. Research Center of Mental Health Education/Faculty of Psychology, Southwest University, Chongqing 400715, China;2. High School Affiliated to Southwest University, Chongqing 400700, China;3. School of Psychology, Jiangxi Normal University, Nanchang 330022, China
Abstract:
To explore the relationship among psychological suzhi, perceived social support, negative life events and suicidal ideation of adolescents, a sample of 2035 middle school students was recruited in the study to complete the questionnaires about psychological suzhi, perceived social support, negative life events and suicidal ideation. The results showed that psychological suzhi of an adolescent had a significant forward prediction of his suicidal ideation; that not only did psychological suzhi have a direct effect on suicidal ideation, it also affected suicidal ideation through perceived social support; and that negative life events moderated the relationship between psychological suzhi and suicidal ideation. In other words, with more negative life events, psychological suzhi and perceived social support would have a greater negative prediction of suicidal ideation. In conclusion, perceived social support partially mediates the relationship between psychological suzhi and suicidal ideation, and this indirect effect is moderated by negative life events.
Key words:  psychological suzhi  perceived social support  negative life event  suicidal ideation  adolescent
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