引用本文:王伟栋, 宋凯, 张嫩江.定牧草场牧户单元生态化设计研究[J].西南大学学报(自然科学版),2019,41(7):142~150
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定牧草场牧户单元生态化设计研究
王伟栋, 宋凯, 张嫩江
内蒙古科技大学 建筑学院, 内蒙古 包头 014010
摘要:
草场牧户单元现状的形成与草场管理方式改变、牧民生产生活方式以及草场自然生态环境是分不开的,草场牧户单元的生态化设计应该综合考虑牧民生产生活与草原环境的关系,尽量减少对草原生态平衡的破坏,以可持续发展为目标,体现节约性、适应性的生态特征,继承草原文化中的优秀品质,营造适合定牧之后牧民居住的可持续草原人居环境空间,最终实现草原牧区人、草、畜和谐共存.
关键词:  定牧草场  牧户单元  生态化设计  DeST软件
DOI:10.13718/j.cnki.xdzk.2019.07.019
分类号:TU201
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(51608280,51868060);内蒙古科技大学优秀青年基金项目(2018YQL03).
Ecotypic Design of Pasture MuHu (Herdsman Household) Units
WANG Wei-dong, SONG Kai, ZHANG Neng-jiang
The School of Architecture, Inner Mongolia University of Science & Technology, Baotou Inner Mongolia 014010, China
Abstract:
The formation of "pasture MuHu (herdsman household) cells/units" is inseparable with the changes in pasture management, the production and living ways of herdsmen and the ecological environment of grassland. In the ecotypic design of pasture MuHu units, comprehensive consideration should be given over the relationship between the production and living conditions and the environment of the grassland to minimize the possible damage to the grassland ecological balance. With sustainable development of the grassland as the goal, the design of the units should be economical and adaptable. The excellent quality of the grassland culture should be inherited and developed. A sustainable environment space for human settlement should be created after the nomadic herdsmen settle down to realize, finally, a harmonious co-existence among human, grassland and livestock.
Key words:  pasture  herdsman unit  ecotypic design  DeST software
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